Male Infertility Overview
Infertility is the inability to conceive after at least one year of unprotected intercourse. As most couples are able to conceive within this time, it is advised that those who are not able to conceive should be checked for fertility problems. When the word infertility is mentioned, very few people think of male infertility. Most people think that infertility is often associated with women. However, male infertility is the reason behind 40% infertility cases. Notably, hormonal problems, other illnesses, reproductive organ injuries and blockages, sexual problems like erectile dysfunction and premature ejaculation can temporarily or permanently affect sperms and prevent conception. Some disorders become more difficult to treat the longer they exist without treatment. Sperm production takes place in the tubes of the testes. Inside the testes, sperm grow into mature sperm. Energy generated inside each sperm powers its tail so that it can swim to the female egg once inside the vagina. Sperm production and development are controlled by other hormones in the body. Low sperm counts or low motility of sperms are also reasons for male infertility.
- Studies show that the sperm counts of Indian men have dropped by one-third in the past three decades.
- More than 12 to 18 million couples in India are diagnosed with infertility every year.
- Presently, almost 40% men in the reproductive age group are undergoing a quantitative and qualitative decline in sperm quality.
- Stress also decreases the hormones that stimulate sperm production.
- A 10-year-long AIIMS study surveyed 1,000 men from north India and found that lifestyle factors like tight clothing, hot tub dips and long visits to the sauna, intensive gardening and farming resulting in pesticide exposure, and increased obesity rates were major causes for decreasing sperm count.
Causes: Some of the common causes of male infertility are hormonal problems, diabetes, reproductive organ injuries and blockages, sexual problems like erectile dysfunction and premature ejaculation. To know about other causes, Read more.
Symptoms: In most cases, there are no obvious signs of male infertility. The only symptom most men may notice is the inability to conceive a child. However, some men may show other signs and symptoms associated with male infertility depending upon the cause. To know about these symptoms, Read more.
Diagnosis: Diagnosis of male infertility can involve a medical history from the man and a physical examination along with a semen analysis to check the number, shape and sperm motility. If needed, our doctors may suggest you some tests to rule out other causes of infertility. To know more on diagnosis, Read more.
Treatment approach at Dr Batra's™:
Step 1: First Consultation - At your first consultation, our doctors will spend 30-45 minutes with you. This is important for us to understand the root cause of your infertility and suggest a customized treatment based upon your medical history and lifestyle or any other factor that can cause infertility.
Step 2: Medical Diagnosis - Diagnosis of male infertility can involve a medical history from the man and a physical examination along with a semen analysis to check the number, shape and sperm motility. If needed, our doctors may suggest you some tests to rule out other causes of infertility.
Step 3: Personalized Treatment - Natural homeopathic medicines are suggested based on the diagnosis made and extent of the condition.
Step 4: Guidance on lifestyle changes - Our doctors help you in achieving healthy lifestyle goals such as maintaining healthy weight, eating nutritional foods, and reduce stress levels, which can help you promote fertility. Read more.