Urinary Tract Infections - Symptoms
The signs and symptoms depend upon the area of involvement in the urinary system, that is, kidney, bladder and/or urethra.
If the kidneys are involved, there may be:
- pain along the sides (flanks) and lower back
- nausea and vomiting
- fever with chills (shivering)
If the bladder is involved, there may be:
- constant urge to urinate
- urinary incontinence
- burning sensation while passing urine
- blood in urine
If the urethra is involved, there may be severe burning pains while passing urine.
- Chronic UTIs
- Nephrotic syndrome that involves loss of protein in the urine, resulting in fluid retention (swelling) of the body
- Hydronephrosis, or swelling of the kidneys due to an obstruction in any part of the urinary tract, commonly seen in kidney stones
- Permanent kidney damage, leading to scar formation, affecting kidney functioning and resulting in chronic and non-responding anaemia, high blood pressure and kidney failure
- Pre-term delivery, or delivery before the completion of nine months of pregnancy.
- Septicemia, or blood poisoning due to the spread of infection.